Therefore the field and force are always pointing the same way at a positive charge and opposite at a negative charge. It is pure convention.
Why electric force is opposite to electric field?
The electric field points in the direction of the force that would be on a positive charge. An electron will move in the opposite direction of the electric field because of its negative charge.
Can electric field be negative?
Electric field is not negative. It is a vector and thus has negative and positive directions. An electron being negatively charged experiences a force against the direction of the field. For a positive charge, the force is along the field.
Can an electric field be zero?
For like charges, the electric field will be zero closer to the smaller charge and will be along the line joining the two charges. For opposite charges of equal magnitude, there will not be any zero electric fields.
What is K in electric field?
The Coulomb constant, the electric force constant, or the electrostatic constant (denoted ke, k or K) is a proportionality constant in electrostatics equations. In SI units it is equal to 8.9875517923(14)×109 kg⋅m3⋅s−2⋅C−2.
How do you know if an electric field is positive or negative?
If the charge is positive, field lines point radially away from it; if the charge is negative, field lines point radially towards it. Electric field of positive point charge: The electric field of a positively charged particle points radially away from the charge.