Since, the proton is moving against the direction of electric field, so work is done by the proton against electric field. It implies that electric field does negative work on the proton.
Does the electric field do positive or negative work?
A positive charge, if free to move in an electric field, will move from a high potential point to a low potential point. Again, note that the work done by the electric field is positive, and the negative charge will lose electric potential energy and gain kinetic energy as it moves against the field.
Is the electric field of an electron negative?
Electric field is not negative. It is a vector and thus has negative and positive directions. An electron being negatively charged experiences a force against the direction of the field. For a positive charge, the force is along the field.
What happens to a positive particle in an electric field created by a proton?
The arrow heads show the direction in which a positively charged particle (such as a proton) would accelerate if it was placed in the electric field. A negatively charged particle (such as an electron) would accelerate in the opposite direction to the arrow heads.
What happens when a proton is placed in an electric field?
The proton will experience a force in the direction of the electric field and the electron will experience a force in the direction antiparallel to the electric field. The acceleration caused due to this force will be different on the electron and proton due to the different masses of the electron and proton.
How do protons behave in an electric field?
Behavior of protons, neutrons and electrons in electric fields. … Protons are positively charged and are thus deflected on a curving path towards the negative plate. Electrons are negatively charged and are deflected on a curving path towards the positive plate. Neutrons have no charge, and continue on in a straight line …
Can an electric field be zero?
For like charges, the electric field will be zero closer to the smaller charge and will be along the line joining the two charges. For opposite charges of equal magnitude, there will not be any zero electric fields.
What particle is not affected by an electric field?
The correct answer is “neutron“. In fact, a particle is affected by an electric field only if it is electrically charged. The neutron is electrically neutral (its charge is zero), so it does not interact with the electric field.