Frequent question: Which organelle is the power plant of the cell write about its function briefly?

Mitochondria. The mitochondrion (plural, mitochondria) is an organelle that makes energy available to the cell (Figure 5.6. 3). This is why mitochondria are sometimes referred to as the power plants of the cell.

Which organelle is known as the power plant of the cell?

The “powerhouses” of the cell, mitochondria are oval-shaped organelles found in most eukaryotic cells. As the site of cellular respiration, mitochondria serve to transform molecules such as glucose into an energy molecule known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate).

Which organelle is the power plant of the eukaryotic cell write in brief its function?

Mitochondria is the power plant of eukaryotic cell.It is responsible for production of most energy.It is also known as power house of the cell.It respires energy from food.

What are the cell organelles and its function?

What’s found inside a cell

Organelle Function
Nucleus DNA Storage
Mitochondrion Energy production
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER) Lipid production; Detoxification
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) Protein production; in particular for export out of the cell

What is the meaning of cell organelles?

An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body. Among the more important cell organelles are the nuclei, which store genetic information; mitochondria, which produce chemical energy; and ribosomes, which assemble proteins.

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What cells are cell walls found in?

A cell wall is a fairly rigid layer surrounding a cell located outside of the plasma membrane that provides additional support and protection. They are found in bacteria, archaea, fungi, plants, and algae. Animals and most other protists have cell membranes without surrounding cell walls.

How is a cell similar to a factory?

Cells are similar to factories in that they are both systems, which integrate and work together. Major cell parts function just like the structures and people who work together in a factory. … Cells have a cytoplasm, which contains the organelles of the cell and serves as a floor space would be for a factory.

What are the functions of the 13 organelles?

What are the 13 organelles and their functions?

  • nucleus. contains the cell’s DNA and is the control center of the cell.
  • endoplasmic reticulum. transports materials within cell; process lipids.
  • mitochondria. breaks down food to release energy for the cell.
  • cell membrane. …
  • ribosome.
  • cytoplasm.
  • golgi body.
  • lysosome.

What are organelle examples?

The definition of an organelle is a structure in a cell with a specific function. An example of an organelle is a centriole. … The nucleus, the mitochondrion, the chloroplast, the Golgi apparatus, the lysosome, and the endoplasmic reticulum are all examples of organelles.