Quick Answer: Which cellular organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell because it produces most of the ATP?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Which cellular organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell because it produces most of the ATP quizlet?

Mitochondria play host to one of the most important processes in your body, called cellular respiration. Taking in glucose and oxygen, mitochondria produce energy, which they capture and package as energy-rich molecules of ATP.

Which cellular organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell because it produces most of the ATP Group of answer choices?

Mitochondria Function

Mitochondria are often called the “powerhouses” or “energy factories” of a cell because they are responsible for making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s main energy-carrying molecule. ATP represents the short-term stored energy of the cell.

Which organelle is known as the powerhouse of the cell Why?

Mitochondria are tiny organelles inside cells that are involved in releasing energy from food. This process is known as cellular respiration. It is for this reason that mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cell.

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Which organelle produces energy by breaking down sugars?

In eukaryotic cells mitochondria are involved in the final stages of energy release from food molecules such as sugars. After being broken down to two-carbon fragments in the cytoplasm, the terminal products of catabolic processes such as glycolysis move inside the mitochondria organelles.

What 3 organelles are unique to plant cells?

Plant cells have certain distinguishing features, including chloroplasts, cell walls, and intracellular vacuoles. Photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts; cell walls allow plants to have strong, upright structures; and vacuoles help regulate how cells handle water and storage of other molecules.

Which structure is responsible for synthesis of ATP?

Most of the ATP in cells is produced by the enzyme ATP synthase, which converts ADP and phosphate to ATP. ATP synthase is located in the membrane of cellular structures called mitochondria; in plant cells, the enzyme also is found in chloroplasts.

Which organelle is involved in the production of ATP?

Most eukaryotic cells contain many mitochondria, which occupy up to 25 percent of the volume of the cytoplasm. These complex organelles, the main sites of ATP production during aerobic metabolism, are among the largest organelles, generally exceeded in size only by the nucleus, vacuoles, and chloroplasts.

Which organelle is known as the brain of the cell?

The nucleus is often referred to as the control center, or brain, of the cell and contains the DNA, or genetic material. The nucleus is surrounded by the nuclear envelope.

Why mitochondria are called powerhouse of cell?

Mitochondria are often called the “powerhouses” or “energy factories” of a cell because they are responsible for making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s main energy-carrying molecule. ATP represents the short-term stored energy of the cell.

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