What are the 4 types of nuclear waste?
The various types of nuclear waste include uranium tailings, transuranic (TRU) waste, low-level waste, intermediate-level waste, high-level waste and spent fuel rods.
Where do the three types of nuclear waste come from?
There are two broad classifications: high-level or low-level waste. High-level waste is primarily spent fuel removed from reactors after producing electricity. Low-level waste comes from reactor operations and from medical, academic, industrial and other commercial uses of radioactive materials.
What are the two levels of nuclear waste?
The NRC divides waste from nuclear plants into two categories: high-level and low-level. High-level waste is mostly used fuel. Low-level waste includes items like gloves, tools or machine parts that have been exposed to radioactive materials and makes up most of the volume of waste produced by plants.
What are the nuclear waste categories?
Categorisation of radioactive waste
- Exempt waste.
- Very short-lived waste.
- Very low level waste.
- Low level waste.
- Intermediate level waste.
- High level waste.
How long until nuclear waste is safe?
This most potent form of nuclear waste, according to some, needs to be safely stored for up to a million years. Yes, 1 million years – in other words, a far longer stretch of time than the period since Neanderthals cropped up. This is an estimate of the length of time needed to ensure radioactive decay.
How long do nuclear fuel rods last?
To make that nuclear reaction that makes that heat, those uranium pellets are the fuel. And just like any fuel, it gets used up eventually. Your 12-foot-long fuel rod full of those uranium pellet, lasts about six years in a reactor, until the fission process uses that uranium fuel up.
What happens if you touch nuclear waste?
People who are externally contaminated with radioactive material can contaminate other people or surfaces that they touch. … The body fluids (blood, sweat, urine) of an internally contaminated person can contain radioactive materials. Coming in contact with these body fluids can result in contamination and/or exposure.