Ethiopia is endowed with various and diversified renewable energy resources, namely hydro, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. The estimated exploitable potential for hydropower is 45 GW, wind is 10 GW, geothermal is 5 GW, and solar irradiation ranges from 4.5 kWh/m2/day to 7.5 kWh/m2/day.
Does Ethiopia have renewable energy?
Ethiopia has abundant renewable energy resources and has the potential to generate over 60,000 megawatts (MW) of electric power from hydroelectric, wind, solar and geothermal sources. As a result of Ethiopia’s rapid GDP growth over the previous decade, demand for electricity has been steadily increasing.
Where does Ethiopia get their energy from?
Overview. Ethiopia has abundant renewable energy resources and has the potential to generate over 60,000 megawatts (MW) of electric power from hydroelectric, wind, solar and geothermal sources. As a result of Ethiopia’s rapid GDP growth over the previous decade, demand for electricity has been steadily increasing.
What are 5 sources of renewable energy sources?
There are five major renewable energy sources
- Solar energy from the sun.
- Geothermal energy from heat inside the earth.
- Wind energy.
- Biomass from plants.
- Hydropower from flowing water.
What is the best renewable energy source for the future in Ethiopia?
Hydropower is the main renewable energy source that can serve the country transition to more sustainable sources of energy. Considering this, government of Ethiopia has recognized hydropower as economically feasible and environmentally friendly option.
What is the main source of electricity in Ethiopia?
With a share of 92.4% of Ethiopia’s energy supply, waste and biomass are the country’s primary energy sources, followed by oil (5.7%) and hydropower (1.6%).
What percentage of Ethiopia has electricity?
Ethiopia currently has an electricity access rate of 45%, 11% of its population already have access through decentralised solutions.
How much electricity does Ethiopia use per year?
In 2019, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 95 kWh of electricity. Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.3%/year on average since 2010, against around 118%/year for the GDP).
What is the average income in Ethiopia?
With gross national income per capita a mere US$ 160 per year, Ethiopia’s average income is much less than $1 per person per day, placing it 202nd out of 208 countries (World Bank 2006).
What is the best source of renewable energy?
What Is the Best Renewable Energy Source?
- Wind. The largest source of sustainable energy in the United States, wind power is responsible for about 8.4 percent of all energy sources generated in the country. …
- Sun. Wind and solar power represent the two fastest-growing sources of power in the US. …
- Water. …
What is the biggest natural source of energy?
One of the most important sources of energy is the sun. The energy of the sun is the original source of most of the energy found on earth. We get solar heat energy from the sun, and sunlight can also be used to produce electricity from solar (photovoltaic) cells.