What is the biggest obstacle for scientists trying to create a nuclear fusion reactor?

What is the main challenge in building a fusion reactor?

One of the central challenges of fusion energy is the temperature required to produce meaningful amounts of fusion power from an ionized gas that is commonly referred to as a plasma. The necessary temperatures for fusion energy production vary depending on the type of fusion being pursued.

What is the biggest obstacle to harnessing the energy of fusion?

Nuclear fusion has the potential to offer almost unlimited clean energy, but harnessing it is extremely difficult. Plasma reaching temperatures of 150 million degrees Celsius needs to be produced by fusing two lighter atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus—the same process that powers the Sun.

Why is it difficult to make a nuclear fusion reactor?

The technological difficulties of fusion reactors are difficult to overcome. Temperatures approaching the temperature of the sun (approximately 150,000,000 °C) are required for fusion to occur on Earth. Reaching this very high temperature and containing the reaction at it for a sufficiently long time is very difficult.

Why fusion is impossible on Earth?

Normally, fusion is not possible because the strongly repulsive electrostatic forces between the positively charged nuclei prevent them from getting close enough together to collide and for fusion to occur. … The nuclei can then fuse, causing a release of energy.

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Is nuclear fusion difficult to control?

Fusion, on the other hand, is very difficult. Instead of shooting a neutron at an atom to start the process, you have to get two positively charged nuclei close enough together to get them to fuse. … This is why fusion is difficult and fission is relatively simple (but still actually difficult).

Why is fusion so difficult?

Because fusion requires such extreme conditions, “if something goes wrong, then it stops. No heat lingers after the fact.” With fission, uranium is split apart, so the atoms are radioactive and generate heat, even when the fission ends. Despite its many benefits, however, fusion power is an arduous source to achieve.