What is the difference between the process used in nuclear reactors and in atomic bombs?

The chain reactions process used in nuclear reactors and nuclear bombs both release a vast amount of energy. … In nuclear reactors, the reaction is moderated and controlled for use for peaceful purposes, while in nuclear bombs the reaction is uncontrolled.

Can nuclear reactors explode like atomic bombs?

Fortunately, the reactor cannot explode. A nuclear explosion cannot occur because the fuel is not compact enough to allow an uncontrolled chain reaction. The MIT reactor has a lot of water and core structural materials that slow the neutrons down before they reach other fissile atoms.

How far is safe from a nuclear meltdown?

Currently, if a radiological emergency occurs, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommends that anyone living within 10 miles of a plant to tune in to their local radio or television Emergency Alert System and heed the instructions from state or local officials.

Why did Chernobyl explode like a bomb?

The journal explained several defects in the Chernobyl reactor’s design led to an increase in fission and ultimately the reactor roaring out of control. … Fission is the splitting of atoms to create energy and is the reaction that powers nuclear power plants.

Did US warn Japan of atomic bomb?

The was no warning about the atomic bombs. They were deliberately kept a secret and were to be used as a surprise. They were intended to do great damage to cities, to showcase their power.

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How big of an area can a nuclear bomb destroy?

The volume the weapon’s energy spreads into varies as the cube of the distance, but the destroyed area varies at the square of the distance. Thus 1 bomb with a yield of 1 megaton would destroy 80 square miles. While 8 bombs, each with a yield of 125 kilotons, would destroy 160 square miles.