What are the 3 main uses of geothermal energy?
Geothermal energy is used in three main ways: direct use, power generation, and ground source heating and cooling: Direct Use: The hot water in geothermal reservoirs produces heat and steam, which can be directly used for multiple purposes. In the past, hot springs were directly used for bathing and cleaning purposes.
How do humans use geothermal energy?
Geothermal energy is also used to directly heat individual buildings and to heat multiple buildings with district heating systems. Hot water near the earth’s surface is piped into buildings for heat. … Industrial applications of geothermal energy include food dehydration (drying), gold mining, and milk pasteurizing.
Why geothermal energy is the best?
Experts say geothermal energy is cleaner, more efficient, and more cost-effective than burning fossil fuels, and it can reduce our dependence on foreign oil. … Geothermal plants are also considered to be more reliable than coal or nuclear plants because they can run consistently, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
What are two disadvantages of geothermal energy?
Can cause surface instability. Construction of geothermal power plants has the potential to cause surface instability and trigger earthquakes. Conventional geothermal power plant construction involves drilling hot rock that contains trapped water or steam in its pores spaces and natural fractures.