Many single phase ac motors have been developed for traction purposes but only compensated series type commutator motor is found to be best suited for traction. Single phase induction motors have been abandoned as they are not capable of developing high starting torque.
What is the suitable DC motor for electric traction?
Traditionally, these were series-wound brushed DC motors, usually running on approximately 600 volts. The availability of high-powered semiconductors (thyristors and the IGBT) has now made practical the use of much simpler, higher-reliability AC induction motors known as asynchronous traction motors.
Are locomotives AC or DC?
All in all, the AC traction locomotive offers about twice the amount of adhesion as a DC unit. Therefore, a modern lightweight AC locomotive such as the RX500 can provide as much or more tractive effort than an old style DC unit like the SW1200 which weighs 60% more.
What are the features of electric traction?
(v) Capability of Withstanding Voltage Fluctuations: Traction motor should be capable of withstanding rapid fluctuations in supply voltage without undue effect on its performance since in traction work rapid voltage fluctuation owing to heavy current inrush at start, is common feature.
Which motor is used in metro train?
THREE PHASE SLIP RING INDUCTION MOTOR has been used in DELHI METRO. Dc series motor is ideal for traction but the maintenance cost of which is very high also needs the conversion and smoothening of AC voltages.IM has less maintenance,high starting torque, cheap etc.
Which is more preferable AC or DC?
Answer: Ac is more preferred than dc because it is easy to maintain and change the voltage of ac for transmission and distribution purpose. Plant cost of ac transmission is much lower compared to dc transimission. When fault occurs it is easy to interrupt ac supply.
Why is AC preferred over DC?
Hence, the voltage through transmission lines is very high, which reduces the current, which in turn minimizes the energy lost through transmission. This is why alternating current is preferred over direct current for transmitting electricity, as it is much cheaper to change the voltage of an alternating current.
What are the requirements of electric drive for traction?
The traction drive required large torque during start and acceleration to accelerate the heavy mass. Because of economic reason single phase supply is used in AC traction. The supply has sharp voltage fluctuations, including discontinuity when the locomotive crosses from one supply section to another.
What do you mean by electric traction?
Introduction: By electric traction is meant locomotion in which the driving (or tractive) force is obtained from electric motors. It is used in electric trains, tramcars, trolley buses and diesel-electric vehicles etc.
Which motor is used in tramway?
Dc motor (Ma) and induction motor (Mc) are currently manufactured and used in 105 N tram drive, their parameters are available. Dc motor (Mb), brushless motor (Me) and slip-ring motor (Md) pa- rameters have been determined by analysis.