Why coal is used in thermal power plant?
Steam coal, also known as thermal coal, is used in power stations to generate electricity. First coal is milled to a fine powder, which increases the surface area and allows it to burn more quickly. … The hot gases and heat energy produced converts water – in tubes lining the boiler – into steam.
Why are thermal power stations usually located near?
Thermal power stations are usually located near a river because they require a vast and continuous supply of water so that water can be converted into steam by burning coal, and the turbine can rotate.
Which field is used in thermal power plant?
Thermal power plants
Nuclear power plants use a nuclear reactor’s heat to turn water into steam. This steam is sent through a turbine which is connected to an electric generator to generate electricity.
What type of source do you need in a thermal power plant?
Thermal. Most thermal power plants use fuel to heat up water from a reservoir, which generates steam(usually at a high pressure). The highly pressurized steam then travels through pipes to rotate the fan-like blades of a turbine (see Rankine cycle for more info).
What are the raw materials used in thermal power plant?
Coal is the dominating fuel source used in thermal power plants for generation of electricity. At the coal-fired thermal power plants, the raw coal is first pulverized to the shape of flour before it is force-fed to the furnace.
Why thermal power station are always situated by the side of a river of Lake?
The answer to this question is actually very simple: because they need cooling-water. Not only nuclear power plants need cooling-water for that matter. Also “classic” power plants (using gas, coal or fuel oil as heat source) need it and are therefore situated near rivers or canals.
Why thermal power plants are located near to a source of water such as Lake river or sea?
All power plants need to cool down the steam and most of them use water to do so, which requires them to be near a water source (river, lake or ocean).
What is the largest power plant in the world?
Three Gorges Dam, China is the world’s largest hydroelectric facility. In 2012, the Three Gorges Dam in China took over the #1 spot of the largest hydroelectric dam (in electricity production), replacing the Itaipú hydroelectric power plant in Brazil and Paraguay.