In induction generators, the reactive power required to establish the air gap magnetic flux is provided by a capacitor bank connected to the machine in case of stand-alone system and in case of grid connection it draws reactive power from the grid to maintain its air gap flux.
When the induction generator is connected to the load then the reactive power to the induction generator is supplied from?
5. The machine will work as motor when rotor speed is below synchronous speed and generator when speed is above synchronous speed. In stand –alone operation, a battery of capacitors must be connected in parallel to the stator winding which will supply necessary reactive power to the induction generator.
What is reactive power induction motor?
Reactive Power, measured in volt-amperes, reactive, (VAR) is the power stored in and discharged by the inductive motors, transformers and solenoids all draw reactive power. Apparent Power, measured in volt-amperes (VA) is the voltage on an AC system multiplied by all the current that flows in it.
Can squirrel cage induction generator reactive power?
Generally, induction generators are constructed based on the squirrel cage induction motor type. However, the induction generator may provide the necessary power directly to the mains utility grid, but it also needs reactive power to its supply which is provided by the utility grid.
Why are induction generators preferred over DC generators in WECS?
This means that there will be less wear and tear on the gearbox resulting in low maintenance and long service life and this is one of the most important reasons for using an Induction Generator rather than a synchronous generator on a wind turbine which is directly connected to the electrical utility grid.
What is the difference between induction motor and induction generator?
Using Induction Motors as Generators. … An induction generator looks a lot like an induction motor used in industry and it is, the difference is when the machine is rotated faster than its normal operating speed, an induction generator produces AC electricity.
What is the application of induction generator?
Applications of Induction Generators
They are used with alternative energy sources such as wind or water driven generators in order to convert that energy into electrical energy. They can be used to supply additional power to loads in remote areas which are being supplied by weak transmission lines.
Can induction motor generate reactive power?
An induction generator connected to a capacitor system can generate sufficient reactive power to operate on its own. When the load current exceeds the capability of the generator to supply both magnetization reactive power and load power the generator will immediately cease to produce power.
How do you calculate reactive power?
The reactive power is then small compared with the active power. A low value of power factor indicates the opposite condition. φ = Phase angle between vectors V and I.
Definition of reactive power
- Apparent power: S = V x I (kVA)
- Active power: P = V x Ia (kW)
- Reactive power: Q = V x Ir (kvar)
What is the reactive power?
The portion of electricity that establishes and sustains the electric and magnetic fields of alternating-current equipment. Reactive power must be supplied to most types of magnetic equipment, such as motors and transformers. It also must supply the reactive losses on transmission facilities.
Can I use an AC motor for a wind turbine?
Induction motors have been widely applied in the construction of wind turbines because of their ruggedness and simplicity. A large number of industrial AC motors are induction motors. In induction motors, the stator windings induce a flow of current in the rotor conductors.